Kenneth Lundstrom PhD Contents

Vaccination Is Not Immunization Vaccine Risks Exposed

Vaccines Have Serious Side Effects

Get Instant Access


Alphavirus Used in Cancer Vaccines

Alphavirus for the Transfection of Tumor Cell Lines

Intratumoral Gene Delivery by Alphavirus

Tumor Targeting of Alphavirus Vectors

Production of Retrovirus-Like Particles by Alphavirus

Safety of Alphavirus Vectors

Vector Development

Conclusions and Future Prospects


Alphavirus vectors can infect a broad range of mammalian cells both in cell cultures and in vivo. The presence of the RNA replicon generates extreme RNA levels in infected cells, which is the basis for the very high levels of heterologous gene expression. Application of replication-deficient vectors leads to short-term expression, which makes these vectors highly attractive for cancer gene therapy. Alphaviruses can be used as vaccine vectors for both prophylactic and therapeutic applications. In this context, the P185 tumor antigen and human papilloma virus gene E7, when administered in mice, resulted in protection against tumor challenge and tumor regression in animals with pre-existing tumors. Alphavirus vectors carrying therapeutic or toxic genes used for intratumoral injections have demonstrated efficient tumor regression. For systemic delivery, expression targeting has been obtained by the introduction of targeting sequences in the envelope structure of the virus. Alternatively, alphavirus particles have been encapsulated in liposome, which can target tumor cells.

Key Words: Alphavirus vectors; cancer vaccines; intratumoral injection; tumor targeting.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment