Natural Tooth Pain Treatment Ebook
Cocoa contains substances that protect against dental caries (Palenik et al 1977, s'Gravenmade et al 1977) and in vitro experiments have shown that monomeric polyphenols and tannins from cocoa may interfere with glucosyltransferase activity of Streptococcus mutans and reduce plaque formation (Kashket etal 1985). Similar results were reported in hamsters, with a marked caries-inhibitive effect found with a water-extract of cocoa (Stralfors 1966). Cocoa bean husk, while not used in cocoa or chocolate, demonstrates antibacterial properties attributed to its unsaturated fatty acids and antiglucosyltransferase activities attributed to epicatechin polymers, as well as being shown both in vitro and in vivo to possess significant antiplaque activity (Matsumoto et al 2004).
Only a limited number of antibodies that could be used in human medical applications have so far been produced in plants. Antibodies against the bacterium Streptococcus sanguis have been obtained from GM tobacco. Oral application of these plantibodies in clinical trials showed prevention of the formation of tartar on the teeth and, consequently, of dental caries. Plantibodies that inactivate Streptococcus mutans, another caries-causing bacterium, are at the stage of clinical testing. The expression of monoclonal antibodies against the herpes virus, causing fever blisters, has been reported for GM soybean. Rice and wheat plantibodies against a cell surface protein typical of tumours (carcinoembryonic antigen) have been produced and can be used for diagnostic purposes as well as in tumour therapy. Dental caries (against streptococci) Tobacco
Physicians, nurses, dentists, psychologists, and other urban clinicians should be able to describe how different types and levels of exposure to urban living conditions affect well-being. Depending on their discipline and specialty area, they should also be able to explain how urban living influences the clinical course and management of common illnesses (e.g., asthma, depression, hypertension,
The complete absence of sperm cells from semen may seem like a simple phenotype, unambiguously ascertained by an examination of semen, but sperm count can be affected by many factors (such as time since the last ejaculation, substance abuse, frequency of hot baths, and even dental caries) and can, thus, vary considerably in a single individual (2). A discussion of this variation lies outside the scope of the present chapter here we note that sperm count can be regarded as a continuous trait (Fig. 1) with azoospermia grading into oligozoospermia (few sperm) and the normozoospermic state, and will not distinguish between the first two, so that the phenotype under consideration here would more accurately be described as azoo- or oligozoospermia. Although azoospermia, in the strict sense, leads to infertility under natural conditions (this can sometimes be overcome by assisted reproduction), the relationship between oligozoospermia and fertility (producing offspring) is complex but can...
Disease of the teeth presents as pain, mobility or swelling although some conditions are detected as incidental findings at radiographic examination. Caries and periodontal disease are painless until advanced destruction of tissue has occurred. A draining sinus opening onto mucosa or facial skin may accompany dental abscesses but others may present with soft tissue swelling of the face and other signs of spreading infection. Gingival bleeding is often the only sign of chronic marginal periodontal disease until increased tooth mobility or the drainage of pus from between gingiva and tooth occur. Developmental cysts, odontogenic hamartomas and neoplasms are often painless but may present with bony swelling, facial asymmetry or a failure of teeth to erupt. Discolouration of teeth, rapid wear or abnormal morphology are features of the hereditary developmental tooth disorders such as dentinogenesis imperfecta or amelogenesis imperfecta usually all the teeth will be affected.
Plants are known as sources for a variety of different pharmaceutically or industrially used substances. Modern biotechnology makes it possible through the targeted modification of plants to enlarge the spectrum of products and to generate new biofactories. It has been found that GM plants can produce vaccines and antibodies protecting against human and animal diseases such as cholera, cancer, diarrhoea or dental caries. The application also includes industrial raw materials that in future might replace petroleum-based substances. The potentials of future utilisation of products obtained from GM plants are discussed in this section.
Previous psychological research raises doubt regarding jurors' ability to reason about statistical, probabilistic, and methodological issues effectively. When judging the probability of certain outcomes, lay people prefer anecdotal information and underutilize base-rate information (Bar-Hillel, 1980 Kahneman and Tversky, 1973 Simonson and Nye, 1992 Stanovich and West, 1998 see also Clifford, this volume). People often are insensitive to sample bias (Hamill, Wilson and Nisbett, 1980) and fail to recognize the unreliability of results obtained from small samples (Kahneman and Tversky, 1972 Fong, Krantz and Nisbett, 1986). Participants in one study who completed a series of inductive reasoning problems varied considerably in their use of certain statistical reasoning skills (e.g. the law of large numbers, regression, and base-rate principles Jepson, Krantz and Nisbett, 1983). Participants in other studies have failed to recognize missing comparative or control-group information when...
This question refers to the common 'pitfalls' so often encountered in general practice. This area is definitely related to the experience factor and includes rather simple non-life-threatening problems that can be so easily overlooked unless doctors are prepared to include them in their diagnostic framework. Classic examples include smoking or dental caries as a cause of abdominal pain allergies to a whole variety of unsuspected everyday contacts foreign bodies occupational or environmental hazards as a cause of headache, respiratory discomfort or malaise and faecal impaction as a cause of diarrhoea. We have all experienced the 'red face syndrome' from a urinary tract infection whether it is the cause of fever in a child, lumbar pain in a pregnant woman or malaise in an older person. The dermatomal pain pattern caused by herpes zoster prior to the eruption of the rash (or if only a few sparse vesicles erupt) is a real trap.
Dental problems are an extremely prevalent and troubling but often-neglected problem for many homeless people. Common conditions include advanced caries, periodontal disease, and ill-fitting or missing dentures. These problems may be related to poverty, lack of access to dental care, and substance use, rather than homelessness per se. In a study comparing homeless and domiciled veterans in Veterans Affairs rehabilitation programs for substance abusers, the two groups had similarly poor oral health (Gibson, et al., 2003).
Radicular cyst (also known as apical periodontal cyst, dental cyst), apical granuloma and chronic dental abscess these inflammatory lesions form a spectrum of changes related to the apical region of a non-vital tooth (usually a consequence of dental caries), with considerable overlap in clinical, radiological and pathological findings. Granulomas tend to be smaller ( 10 mm), have a sparser inflammatory cell infiltrate and show less-active inflammation than radicular cysts. Very
Ellisons Landmark Trial and Other Therapeutic Trials of Vitamin A the Anti Infective Vitamin 19201940
Vitamin A became known as the anti-infective vitamin, and from 1920 through 1940, this vitamin underwent considerable evaluation in at least 30 therapeutic trials, from dental caries to pneumonia to measles. These studies were conducted during a period when there was an increased awareness of the problem of infant and child mortality in Europe
Pulp, a soft tissue within the center of the crown and root, contains nerves, blood vessels and lymph vessels that produce dentin and provide nourishment for the tooth throughout its life. Because of its rich supply of blood and nerves, the pulp also functions as a defense system against bacterial invasion and as a sensory signal of injury by causing toothache.
In 1980, over 2.5 million persons, or 10 of all persons aged 65 years or over, were nonwhite (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1990a). Racial and ethnic-minority elderly have been increasing at a faster rate than white elderly in recent years. This tendency is anticipated to continue in the next century, with tremendous implications for public and educational policy for the training of physicians, sociologists, nurses, social workers, dentists, pharmacists, psychologists, occupational and physical therapists, and nursing aides. Between 1985 and 2030, the white elderly will grow by 97 , compared to 265 for older African Americans and other races and an amazing 530 for Latino elderly (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1990a, p. vi). Demographers predict that in the next century, the minority part of the elderly population will swell rapidly from 13 in 1985 to 21 in 2020 and 30 in 2050.
Immigrant children may suffer from chronic disease existing prior to their arrival that may not have been diagnosed. A retrospective medical records review in Portland, Maine of 132 refugees aged 2 months through 18 years arriving from diverse countries to the U.S. found that, although the overall health status of many children appeared good, almost one-fifth of the children had hepatitis B surface antibody, anemia was detected in almost one-fifth of the children, and almost one-fifth of the children under the age of 6 had elevated blood lead levels (Hayes, et al., 1998). The oral health of inner-city immigrant children from Central American countries has been found to be related to the recency of the mothers' arrival in the U.S. (Watson, et al., 1999).
The most frequent reason for presentation to a general practitioner of the bulimic patient was to request a weight loss diet (82). Other common presenting complaints include gastrointestinal symptoms, such as bloating or constipation, and amenorrhea or irregular cycles (83). Rarely, patients may present with palpitations or cardiac arrhythmias secondary to electrolyte imbalance. Pathognomonic signs in bulimia nervosa include a ''chipmunk'' cheek appearance, due to noninflammatory stimulation of the salivary glands, particularly the parotids (84) (Fig. 1). Erosions of the lingual surface of the teeth and multiple dental caries are seen, due to the exposure to acid from repeated vomiting (85). Russell's sign (86) (scarring and abrasions on the dorsum of the hands during self-induced vomiting) can also be seen (Fig. 2). Laboratory abnormalities, which may be frequent in purging patients, include metabolic alka-losis and hypokalemia (87).
Around 40 of people with dental phobia have other clinically significant psychological problems such as depression or anxiety (Roy-Byrne etal., 1994). Furthermore, those people have a higher degree of impairment than those with no comorbidity. This is not surprising because more than a third of patients, unselected for dental phobia, are in continual pain when they decide to visit dentists (Green et al, 1997). Those with a phobia of treatment would probably be in more pain because of greater dental disease (Berggren, 1993). Most patients who are too fearful to tolerate dentistry are afraid of experiencing pain that they believe can occur without warning during treatment and they are afraid that they lack control over this (DeJongh et al., 1995 Lindsay & Jackson, 1993). Cognitive interventions would have to address those expectations. A clinically significant outcome to psychological treatment must enable patients to accept routine dental care without exceptional measures such as...
Patients taking amphetamines should always tell their physicians and dentists that they are using this medication. Patients should consult their physician before taking any over-the-counter medication while taking amphetamines. The interaction between over-the-counter cold medications with amphetamine, for instance, is particularly dangerous because this combination can significantly increase blood pressure. Such cold medications should be avoided when using amphetamine unless a physician has carefully analyzed the combination.
Although NK1 antagonists did not consistently demonstrate analgesia in acute models of pain, a number of positive results involving neuronal injury and induction of inflammation were reported in animal models. The lack of success of a number of clinical trials in demonstrating analgesic effects in humans (except for some efficacy in dental pain)167 has been a major disappointment.168 Although the NK1-SP system in the spinal cord is very similar in humans and rodents, differences in supraspinal systems may attribute to the species differences. Alternatively, achieving sufficient receptor occupancy in vivo and selection of appropriate pain states have been suggested as issues to address in future clinical trails of NK1 antagonists.
The vast majority of teeth are removed because of dental caries or periodontal disease and are not submitted for histological examination unless there are unusual clinical or radiological findings. Teeth adjacent to cystic lesions are removed either as part of the treatment for the lesion (e.g., the unerupted tooth associated with a dentigerous cyst) or because they cannot be restored to useful function (e.g., a tooth whose roots have been extensively resorbed by a keratocyst). Where a primary neoplastic lesion is suspected, teeth may be removed to provide access to underlying lesional tissue via the socket. Teeth may be submitted whole or as fragments deeply buried unerupted teeth are most likely to be divided by the surgeon prior to removal.
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