Positive Parenting Tips for Toddlers

Talking To Toddlers

Talking to Toddlers is a program that offers effective parenting tips to help shape behavior in toddlers. It is a creation of Chris Thompson, a parenting professional and certified NLP practitioner. No doubt he has all it takes to address the issue of parenting. The program helps parents understand problems often experienced by children, include the reasons behind their behaviors. In most cases, parents communicate to children in inappropriate ways without know. This may lead kids to behave contrary to parents expectations. This is among the major problems this program helps to fix. You will be able to learn about the word you often misuse and evoke bad reactions from kids. Kids are often misunderstood and this makes it difficult for them to learn. This guide has helped thousands of parents across the world and it is going to help you too. Buy it today and start learning the best strategies you can use to train your children. Read more here...

Talking To Toddlers Summary


4.7 stars out of 13 votes

Contents: Audio Course
Author: Chris Thompson
Official Website: talkingtotoddlers.com
Price: $37.00

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Highly Recommended

I've really worked on the chapters in this ebook and can only say that if you put in the time you will never revert back to your old methods.

In addition to being effective and its great ease of use, this eBook makes worth every penny of its price.

Toddler Talk: Techniques & Games

Bridget Giraldo is a licensed, American Speech-language Hearing Association (ASHA) certified, and a speech-language pathologist. She provides knowledge and the expertise to assist others to enhance their communication skills; parents especially benefit from her helpful tips concerning simple ideas on how to include language and speech activities daily as they interact with their young ones. Bridget has worked in inpatient rehab, acute care, sub-acute care, private and public schools, private practice, and out-patient rehab. Her main objective in most of her publications is to empower all parents, professionals, and any caregiver in the aspect of speech and language therapy. The speech-language pathologist has a website called speech therapy talk where she shares plenty of ideas that touch on language and speech therapy as well as other practical, easy activities to do at home. The book Toddler talk: Technique and games are designed to give directions to parents so that they become the driving force of change for their children; it provides parents with professional and therapy ideas. The book will help children to develop life-changing skills crucial for academic and social development. The eBook is available online; download a copy. Every suggestion has been well proven to be practical and effective.

Toddler Talk Techniques & Games Summary

Contents: Ebook
Author: Bridget Giraldo
Official Website: www.speechtherapytalk.com
Price: $19.99

Afferent Pupillary Defect Marcus Gunn Pupil

Marcus Gunn Pupil

Maintained and, with near fixation, accommodative miosis makes interpretation difficult. In such circumstances, normal room illumination can be used to assess optic nerve function10 (Fig. 2-3 demonstrates this technique). This approach is especially helpful in the infant or toddler who invariably fixates on the light source, making traditional testing impossible. An afferent pupillary defect can even be detected if one of the pupils is non-reactive secondary to trauma, pharmacological dilation, or ocular inflammation (Fig. 2-3). In such cases, the direct and consensual responses of the single reactive pupil must be compared. If the consensual response is less than the direct response there is an abnormality in that eye. The afferent pupillary defect is a sensitive indicator of optic nerve dysfunction and, more specifically, visual field loss.17 Retinal disease or amblyopia can also cause an afferent pupillary defect, but the disease process is usually severe and visual function is...

Socioemotional Development In Context

This development helps to account for the ontogeny of the newborn, whose unpredictable swings of arousal can be disconcerting to neonate and caregivers alike, into the emotionally more nuanced and well-regulated toddler, who is capable of responding emotionally to a wide range of events and whose emotional reactions can be managed by self and others. There are, of course, significant advances in emotional development yet to occur in childhood and adolescence with further growth in these and other brain processes. reactivity to the unfamiliar (e.g., Calkins, Fox, & Marshall, 1996 Kagan, Reznick, & Snidman, 1987 Schmidt, Shahinfar, & Fox, 1996), has been identified early in infancy (Fox, Henderson, Rubin, Calkins, & Schmidt, 2001 Kagan & Snidman, 1991). Some work shows that the extremes of inhibition and the opposite end of the continuum, exuberance or uninhibited behavior, demonstrate considerable continuity from early infancy into toddlerhood and childhood (Fox et...

Other Informants Child and Infant Temperament

Even though a variety of constructs have been measured with other informants, we choose to illustrate the use of others' reports in reference to temperament. Temperament can be defined as psychological qualities and behaviors that display considerable variation among infants and young children and have a relatively stable physiological basis that derives from the individual's genetic constitution (Kagan, 1994, p. 16). Most temperament theorists view temperament and biology as intertwined and see temperament as having stable, enduring properties that can be modified to a degree by contextual factors, such as parenting (Rothbart & Bates, 1998). Adult-report measures of child infant temperament include scales that assess many dimensions of temperament such as regulation (e.g., attention focusing, inhibitory control), various types of emotion (e.g., positive emotion, anger frustration, fear, sadness), activity level, impulsivity, surgency approach, and soothability (e.g., the Infant...

Reliability Of Observational Data

As previously noted, usually observers are asked to make categorical distinctions, thus the most common statistic used to establish interobserver reliability in the context of observational studies is Cohen's kappa, a coefficient of agreement for categorical scales (Cohen, I960 also see Nussbeck, chap. 17, this volume). Cohen's kappa corrects for chance agreement and thus is much preferred to the percentage agreement statistics sometimes encountered, especially in older literature. Moreover, the agreement matrix (also called a confusion matrix), required for its computation, is helpful when training observers due to the graphic way it portrays specific sources of disagreement. In the following paragraphs, we demonstrate the use of kappa using an example based on research in the development of joint attention in infants and toddlers by Adamson and colleagues. This example is useful because it allows us to integrate material introduced earlier in this chapter concerning coding schemes...

Examination screening specific to children

Strabismus should be sought in all infants and toddlers by occlusion testing (not very sensitive), examining light reflexes and questioning parents, which must be taken very seriously. Amblyopia can be prevented by early recognition and treatment of strabismus by occlusion and surgery. Early referral is essential.

Developing Emotions And Sociability

Although it is common to view emotions as disorganizing, unregulated influences on infant behavior, it is more appropriate to regard their influence as both organizing and disorganizing (similar to how emotions affect adults). The image of a 3-month-old in a raging, uncontrollable tantrum must be joined to the image of the same child who has been motivated to learn how to make a crib mobile spin because of the interest and pleasure it evokes. Even a toddler's angry


Carbon dioxide and ammonium in the presence of the enzyme urease, which is present in H. pylori. In non-infected subjects, urea leaves the stomach unchanged, unless there is urease activity from bacteria in the oral cavity or in situations of gastric bacterial overgrowth. The urea breath test is a highly sensitive (93.3 ) and specific (98.1 ) method (41). The two breath tests available are the 14C urea (radioactive), and 13C urea (stable isotope) breath tests. The 13C urea breath test avoids radioactivity, and is the test of choice for children and pregnant women. The major limitation is the need for a gas isotope mass spectrometer to analyze the breath samples and calculate the ratio of 12C to 13C. A 4-hour fast is generally recommended before the urea breath test, and a test meal is given before the solution of labeled urea. This test meal delays gastric emptying, and increases contact time with the bacterial urease. It is relatively inexpensive compared to the gold standard of...

Software User Manual

1) First, locate the closest matching image to the hand and wrist radiograph to be interpreted. The reviewer should primarily focus on the centers that best characterize skeletal development for the subject's chronological age. As stated previously, during infancy and in toddlers, the presence or absence of certain carpal or epiphyseal ossification centers will provide the most useful clues. Throughout childhood, the size of the epiphyses in relation to the metaphyses in the distal and middle phalanges will be the most helpful markers of skeletal maturity. In younger teenagers, the degree of epiphyseal fusion in the phalanges, and in older teenagers, the degree of epiphyseal fusion in the radius and ulna, are the strongest indicators of skeletal maturity. If the radiograph being evaluated does not exactly correspond to a specific age standard, but falls between two adjacent references, the bone age should also be interpreted as an intermediate between the two standards. Occasionally,...

Auditory Tube

Signs of an ear infection in an infant or toddler are hard to miss irritability, screaming incessantly for no apparent reason, perhaps fever or tugging on the affected ear. A doctor viewing the painful ear with an instrument called an otoscope sees a red and bulging eardrum. The diagnosis otitis media, or a middle ear infection.

Food Fortification

Among poor urban toddlers in Guatemala, fortified foods (mostly fortified sugar, margarine, and Incaparina) contribute about one half of the RDI (1032). Fortification of MSG was used in pilot programs in Indonesia and the Philippines in the 1970s and 1980s (503,1033), but the color instability of the vitamin A in MSG and cost were some barriers to implementation of fortified MSG on a wider scale. Vitamin A-fortified margarine improved serum retinol levels and protected against xerophthalmia in Filipino preschool children (1034). Ideally, vitamin A-fortified foods should reach the most remote and impoverished families, as these constitute a higher-risk group for vitamin A deficiency. In remote Indonesia, salt and monosodium glutamate were widely consumed in most households, whereas instant noodles were consumed less in poorer families (1035).

Biological Systems

Variational change refers to the degree or extent that a change varies from a standard, norm, or average (see the arrows on the right side of Figure 1.1). Consider the pecking of the pigeon changes in where, when, and how rapidly pecking occurs are variational changes. The reaching behavior of the infant, the toddler's improvements in walking precision, the growth of vocabulary, and the receipt of better grades in school are all examples of variational change. From an adaptive point of view, developmental variational change is about a skill or ability's becoming more precise and more accurate. This type of change can be represented as linear completely additive in nature. As a consequence, this change is understood as quantitative and continuous.


Children may be exposed to metals in different ways than adults. The exposure of infants and children to lead is a well-documented example. Infants and toddlers crawling or playing close to floors can be exposed to lead dust and even larger particles released from indoor lead paint or entrained into the house from exterior paint and contaminated soils (for details, see Chapter 31). Liquid metallic mercury is occasionally spilled in the home as a result of breakage of mercury thermometers or through ethnic-religious practices with this metal. Mercury that evaporates from the liquid droplets forms the most concentrated layers of vapor near the floor where infants and toddlers can receive high exposures. Infants may be exposed indirectly from contaminants in the mother's tissues by ingestion of breast milk.

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