M

Macroconidia, see Neurospora, 65-79 Magnaporthe grisea, 20, 50, 53 Markers, use of genetic in study of life history, 69 in study of senescence, 209, 214-215 restriction fragment length polymorphism, 4, 199-201

random amplified polymorphic DNA, 5, 201 Mating reaction, in Ustilago maydis 124 Mating type, 68 Meiotic events crossing-over, 72 first division segregation, 72 second division segregation, 72 Meiotic silencing by unpaired DNA, 134 Melanin, 54 Mesophilic fungi, 145 Metabolic pathway, 77 Methylation induced premeiotically, 135 Microarray, expression pattern of genes, 98 Microconidia, 30, 67-69 Microcycle conidiation, 109-111 Microtubule, 10, 24, 25 Mitochondria detection of rearrangements in DNA, 210 physical map of DNA, 214 plasmids, 202 protein import, 93-94 Mitosis, 83 Monilia sitophila, 65 Mucor hiemalis, 118 Mushroom, 16, 227 Mutants abacus, 110, 112, 113

albino, 69, 74

alcoy, 73

auxotrophic, 77

blocked in mitosis, 22

bristle, 110

cell division cycle, 84

colonial temperature-sensitive, 71, 74

cross wall less, 15

cycloheximide-resistant, 74

cysteine, 70

defective in pheromone signaling, 89

defective in protein secretion, 92

defective in mitochondrial biogenesis, 92

easily wettable, 173

frequency, 171

never in mitosis, 22

nuclear distribution, 22, 24

pet, 92-93 recessive lethal, 27 ropy, 24 sec, 92

senescent, 74, 76 septation, 22 temperature-sensitive, 22 wet-white, 110, 112, 113 white collar, 171-172 Mycelium individual colony, 5 longevity, 6 spread, 3 surface area, 9 Mycorrhiza classification of mycorrhizal fungi, 225 diffusible factors, 39 DNA content of spore 41, growth in root-organ culture, 39 Hartig net, 37 multikaryotic spore, 41 phosphate transporter, 37 sugar translocation, 39 types, 36-37 Mycorrhizal symbiosis, carbohydrate movement, 38 diffusible factors, 39 gene expression, 40 phosphorus transport, 37 symbiosis-specific genes, 39 techniques of study, 36 M phase, 23

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