The Sociocultural View

Sjenitzer believes that vaginismus is caused by the social position of women in our society and their dissatisfaction with their role (41). According to this author, vaginismus is a protest against the patriarchal norms that reduce women to either a lust object or a mother. In addition, she makes a stand against sexist ideas in the treatment of vaginismus, particularly against placing coitus in the central position in the sexual relationship. The feminist view states clearly that women often seek something in sexuality that is completely different from what men seek. In women, the experience of emotional intimacy is generally a prerequisite for them to enjoy sex. Bezemer developed group therapy for women with vaginistic complaints (42). At the same time, group therapy was organized for the male partners of these patients, led by male therapists. The aim of this therapy was to restore the woman's power over her body and her physical reactions. Thus, a therapy aim such as "coitus" was totally taboo! When a woman has power over her body, she can decide equally well not to have sex. A clear example of this view is given in the study by Van Ree who sometimes regards vaginismus as an adequate reaction to an inadequate way of life (43).

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