Lone Atrial Fibrillation: No underlying disease state. Cardiac Causes: Hypertensive heart disease with left ventricular hypertrophy, heart failure, mitral valve stenosis or regurgitation, pericarditis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, aortic stenosis, amyloidosis. Noncardiac Causes: Hypoglycemia, theophylline intoxication, pneumonia, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary embolism, heavy alcohol intake or alcohol withdrawal, hyperthyroidism, systemic illness, electrolyte abnormalities. Stimulant abuse, excessive caffeine, over-the-counter cold remedies, illicit drugs.
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