Tuxedo pincushion urchin

Mespilia globulus

ORDER

Temnopleurida FAMILY

Temnopleuridae TAXONOMY

Mespilia globules Linnaeus, 1758. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Royal urchin, sphere urchin, globular sea urchin, ball sea-hedgehog.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Test can reach 2.3 in (6 cm) in diameter and has five to 10 broad bands of bright blue coloration with bands of reddish-brown spines, which give it a very striking appearance.

DISTRIBUTION

Coastal waters of China, Japan, Indian Ocean, and the Philippines.

HABITAT

During the day will hide among rocks, rubble, and in crevices associated with coral reefs.

BEHAVIOR

Solitary animal. Camouflages test with shell fragments and algae held on with fine cilia hairs between spines.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Herbivore, feeding on micro-algae and encrusting coralline. Forages for food at night.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY Sexual reproduction.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Used in home aquaria. ♦

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Responses

  • rudibert
    Are tuxedo urchins hermaphrodites?
    3 years ago

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