Neifar, L., G. A. Tayler, and L. Euzet. "Two New Species of Macrobothridium (Cestoda: Diphyllidea) from Rhinobatid Elasmobranchs in the Gulf of Gab├Ęs, Tunisia, with Notes on the Status of the Genus." Journal of Parasitology 87, no. 3 (June 2001): 673-680.

Nikolov, P. N., and B. B. Georgiev. "The Morphology and New Records of Two Progynotaeniid Cestode Species." Acta Parasitologica 47, no. 2 (June 2002): 121-130.

Olson, P. D., and J. N. Caira. "Two New Species of

Litobothrium Dailey, 1969 (Cestoda: Litobothriidea) from Thresher Sharks in the Gulf of California, Mexico, with Redescriptions of Two Species in the Genus." Systematic Parasitology 48, no. 3 (March 2001): 159-177.

Olson, P. D., D. T. J. Littlewood, R. A. Bray, and J. Mariaux. "Interrelations and Evolution of the Tapeworms (Platyhelminthes: Cestoda)." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19, no. 3 (June 2001): 443-467.

Rego, A. A., A. Chambrier, V. Hanzelova, E. Hoberg, T. Scholz, P. Weekes, and M. Zehnder. "Preliminary Phylogenetic Analysis of Subfamilies of the Proteocephalidea (Eucestoda)." Systematic Parasitology 40, no. 1 (May 1998): 1-19.

Scholz, T., and R. A. Bray. "Probothriocephallus alaini n. sp. (Cestoda: Triaenophoridae) from the Deep-sea Fish Xenodermichthys copei in the North Atlantic Ocean." Systematic Parasitology 50, no. 3 (November 2001): 231-235.

Stock, T. M., and J. Holmes. "Functional Relationships and Microhabitat Distributions of Enteric Helminths of Grebes (Podicipedidae): The Evidence for Interactive Communities." Journal of Parasitology 74, no. 2 (April 1988): 214-227

Tyler, G. A., and J. N. Caira. "Two New Species of

Echinobothrium (Cestoidea: Diphyllidea) from Myliobatiform Elasmobranchs in the Gulf of California, Mexico." Journal of Parasitology 85, no. 2 (April 1999): 327-335.

Tyler, G. A. "Diphyllidean Cestodes of the Gulf of California, Mexico with Descriptions of Two New Species of Echinobothrium (Cestoda: Diphyllidea)." Journal of Parasitology 87, no. 1 (February 2001): 173-184.

Vasileva, G. P., G. I. Dimitrov, and B. B. Georgiev. "Phyllobothrium squali Yamaguti, 1952 (Tetraphyllidea, Phyllobothriidae): Redescription and First Record in the Black Sea." Systematic Parasitology 53, no. 1 (September 2002): 49-59.

Vasileva, G. P., D. I. Gibson, and R. A. Bray. "Taxonomic Revision of Tatria Kowalewski, 1904 (Cestoda: Amabiliidae): Redescriptions of T. biremis Kowalewski, 1904 and T. minor Kowalewski, 1904, and the Description of T. gulyaevi n. sp. from Palaearctic Grebes. "Systematic Parasitology 54, no. 3 (March 2003): 177-198.


Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Institute of Parasitology. Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.< worms/index.html>

Agricultural Research Service. Web site: <http://www.ars.usda .gov/is/AR/archive/may01/worms0501.htm>

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Central Laboratory of General Ecology. Sofia, Bulgaria. <>

Natural History Museum, Department of Invertebrates. Geneva, Switzerland. < mhng/index.htm>

The Natural History Museum, Department of Zoology, Parasitic Worms Division. London, UK. <>

National Museum of Natural History, Laboratory of Biology of Parasites, Protistology and Helminthology. Paris, France. <>

Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, Department of Parasitic Worms. St. Petersburg, Russia. <>

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research

Service, U. S. National Parasite Collection,.Beltsville, MD USA. <>

University of Connecticut, Department of Ecology and

Evolutionary Biology. Storrs, CT USA. <http://collections2>

University of Nebraska State Museum, The Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology. Lincoln, NE USA. <>

University of Toronto, Department of Zoology. Toronto, Canada. <>

Boyko B. Georgiev, PhD

Phylum Nemertea Class Anopla Number of families 11

Thumbnail description

Worms that have an unarmed proboscis; mouth situated below or posterior to the cerebral ganglia; and central nervous system situated within the body wall, or between the body musculature and epidermis

Photo: Ribbon worms such as Parborlasia sp. are roving predators, intent on hunting other invertebrates with their good eyesight and ability to get into small hiding places, Heron Island, the southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. (Photo by A. Flowers & L. Newman. Reproduced by permission.)

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment