No common name

Beroe forskalii

ORDER Beroida

FAMILY Beroidae

TAXONOMY

Beroe forskalii Milne Edwards, 1841.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Flat and triangular in shape with the aboral end at the apex of the triangle and the oral region being the base. There are eight rows of cilia running the length of the body and numerous canals under and between the ctene rows.

DISTRIBUTION

Worldwide distribution. A related species (Beroe ovata) was recently introduced into the Black Sea and Sea of Azov.

HABITAT

Open ocean and near shore, from the surface waters to depths of 1,640 ft (500 m).

BEHAVIOR

An active predator, foraging often includes a spiral swimming pattern. Once food is located, members of this family use specially modified macrocilia to manipulate and cut prey items. These macrocilia are very distinct in morphology and, for Beroe forskalii, these macrocilia are arranged in stripes inside the oral region.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Primary food is other ctenophores.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Hermaphroditic.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

I Beroe forskalii I Mnemiopsis leidyi

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