No common name

Dactylopodola baltica

ORDER Macrodasyida

FAMILY

Dactylopodolidae TAXONOMY

Dactylopodola baltica (Remane, 1926), Kiel, Germany.

OTHER COMMON NAMES None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Body reaches a length of 0.01 in (0.3 mm), with a well-defined head, paired eyespots, and a bifid posterior. Adhesive tubes are present anteriorly, laterally, and posteriorly. Epidermal cells are monociliated, and the muscles are cross-striated.

DISTRIBUTION

Atlantic coast of the United States. Also known from northern Ireland, Wales, the Scilly Isles, and the Baltic Sea to the west coast of France and the Mediterranean Sea.

HABITAT

Marine coastal beaches in a variety of sediment types; middle to low intertidal zone.

BEHAVIOR

A slow ciliary glider; common but generally not found in abundance.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET Feeds on diatoms.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Sequential protandric hermaphrodite with paired ovaries and testes. Spermatophores are passed indirectly to partners. Reproductive activity is greatest during the summer.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known.

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