No common name

Culeolus likae

ORDER Pleurogona

FAMILY Pyuridae

TAXONOMY

Culeolus likae Sanamyan and Sanamyan, 2002, Scotia Sea between South Georgia and Falkland Islands.

OTHER COMMON NAMES None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Solitary species. Barrel-shaped body, 3.1 in (8 cm) in length, is supported on thin and very long, up to 33.5 in (85 cm), peduncle. Peduncle breaks basally into small tufts of delicate rhizoids anchoring the specimen in the mud. Peduncle inserted into anterior end of the body, on ventral side of large and widely opened branchial siphon. Atrial siphon is smaller and situated on the opposite end of the body. Soft and transparent body has characteristic posteroventral crest consisting of three high lamellae.

DISTRIBUTION

Southern Atlantic: recorded between South Georgia and South Falkland Islands and in the Argentine basin.

HABITAT

Abyssal species recorded at 15,301-18,474 ft (4,664-5,631 m). BEHAVIOR

Immobile species fixed on a stalk. FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Passive filter feeder. Large branchial siphon with peduncle inserted near it, oriented in such a way that the bottom current passes through the branchial sac.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY Nothing is known.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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