Significance to humans

The eggs of five tongue worm species are infective to humans, and in four of these species (Armillifer grandis, A. armil-latus, A. moniliformis, and A. agkistrodontis), humans are merely an accidental intermediate host. Nearly always, nymphal infections are acquired when eggs in undercooked meat, derived from tongue worm-infected snakes, are consumed. The epidemiology of the remaining species, Linguatula serrata from the nasal sinuses of dogs, is complicated, because both eggs and infective larvae can become established in humans. Ingested eggs hatch to produce infective nymphs. In contrast, if ingested in contaminated offal from sheep or goats, nymphs attempt to migrate from the stomach to the nasal passages, producing acute symptoms of nasopharyngeal linguatulosis.

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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