Significance To Humans

So far this species is poorly studied but may prove interesting to medical researchers in light of its being specifically adapted to counteract the mammalian blood clotting system. ♦

Resources

Books

Harding, M. A., and J. P. Moore. The Fauna of British India: Hirudinea. London: Taylor and Francis, 1927.

Keegan, H. L., S. Tashioka, and H. Suzuki. Bloodsucking Asian Leeches of Families Hirudinidae and Haemadipsidae. Tokyo: United States Army Medical Command, Japan, 1968.

Mann, K. H. Leeches (Hirudinea): Their Structure, Physiology, Ecology and Embryology. London: Pergamon Press, 1962.

Oosthuizen, J. H., and M. E. Siddall. "The Freshwater Leeches (Hirudinea) of Southern Africa with a Key to All Species." In Guide to Freshwater Invertebrates in Southern Africa. Pretoria: South African Water Research Commission, 2001.

Sawyer, R. T. Leech Biology and Behaviour. Oxford, U.K.: The Clarendon Press, 1986.

Periodicals

Apakupakul, K., M. E. Siddall, and E. M. Burreson. "HigherLevel Relationships of Leeches (Annelida: Clitellata:

Euhirudinea) Based on Morphology and Gene Sequences." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12 (1999): 350-359.

Elliott, J. M., and P. A. Tullett. "The Status of the Medicinal Leech Hirudo medicinalis in Europe and Especially in the British Isles." Biological Conservation 29 (1984): 15-26.

Light, J. E., and M. E. Siddall. "Phylogeny of the Leech Family Glossiphoniidae Based on Mitochondrial Gene Sequences and Morphological Data." Journal of Parasitology 85 (1999): 815-823.

Siddall, M. E., K. Apakupakul, E. M. Burreson, K. A. Coates, C. Erseus, S. R. Gelder, M. Källersjö, and H. Trapido-Rosenthal. "Validating Livanow: Molecular Data Agree That Leeches, Branchiobdellidans and Acanthobdella peledina Form a Monophyletic Group of Oligochaetes." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21 (2001): 346-351.

Wells, S., and W. Coombes. "The Status of and Trade in the Medicinal Leech." Traffic Bulletin 8 (1987): 64-69.

Mark Edward Siddall, PhD

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