Little known about early development. Shallow water relatives have single non-feeding, yolk-like (= lecithotrophic) naupliar stage that hatches from large eggs and molts after one day into first copepodid. Has five copepodid stages preceding the adult stage. Mating probably takes place in near-bottom zone, with male grasping female around her fourth legs while transferring paired spermatophores directly onto her genital region. Sper-matophores discharge into seminal receptacles. Female produces large yolky eggs that are probably loosely attached in an egg mass to her urosome, rather than contained in an egg sac.
CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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