Reproductive Biology

Incubates embryos.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not listed by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

Resources

Books

Desbruyeres, D., and M. Segonzac, eds. Handbook of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Fauna. Brest, France: IFREMER, 1997.

Ivanov, A. V. Pogonophora. London: Academic Press, 1963.

Southward, E. C. "Class Pogonophora." In Polychaetes and Allies: The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Vol. 4A, edited by P. L. Beesley, G. J. B. Ross, and C. J. Glasby. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 2000.

-. "Pogonophora." In Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates.

Vol. 12, edited by F. W. Harrison and M. E. Rice. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1993.

Van Dover, C. L. The Ecology of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Periodicals

Halanych, K. M., R. A. Feldman, and R. C. Vrijenhoek.

"Molecular Evidence that Sclerolinum brattstromi is Closely Related to Vestimentiferans, Not Frenulate Pogonophorans (Siboglinidae, Annelida)." Biological Bulletin 201 (2001): 65-75.

MacDonald, I. R., V. Tunnicliffe, and E. C. Southward.

"Detection of Sperm Transfer and Synchronous Fertilization in Ridgeia piscesae at Endeavour Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge." Cahiers de Biologie Marine 43 (2002): 395-398.

McHugh, D. "Molecular Evidence that Echiurans and Pogonophorans are Derived Annelids." Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 94 (1997): 8006-8009.

McMullin, E. R., S. Hourdez, S. W. Schaeffer, and C. R. Fisher. "Phylogeny and Biogeography of Deep Sea Vestimentiferan Tubeworms and Their Bacterial Symbionts." Symbiosis 34 (2003): 1-41.

Rouse, G. W. "A Cladistic Analysis of Siboglinidae Caullery, 1914 (Polychaeta, Annelida): Formerly the Phyla Pogonophora and Vestimentifera." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 132 (2001): 55-80.

Shillito, B., J. P. Lechaire, and F. Gaill. "Microvilli-like Structures Secreting Chitin Crystallites." Journal of Structural Biology 111 (1993): 59-67.

Southward, E. C. "Description of a New Species of

Oligobrachia, (Pogonophora) from the North Atlantic, with a Survey of the Oligobrachiidae." Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the U.K. 58 (1978): 357-365.

-. "Development of Perviata and Vestimentifera

(Pogonophora)." Hydrobiologia 402 (1999): 185-202.

Webb, M. "Siboglinum fiordicum sp. nov. (Pogonophora) from the Raunefjord, Western Norway." Sarsia 13 (1963): 33-44.

Eve C. Southward, PhD, DSc

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