Reproductive Biology

Males often perform a ritualized posture when females are not present; involves opening one palp, and raising and holding bodies in air. When females are present, mating males engage in combat with other males by locking their chelicerae and palps together to fight, sometimes for periods of over one hour. Males who are accepted by females will deposit sper-matophore after courting and then guide female to it. Apparently has a continuous breeding season, with females being observed with eggs throughout year. Once mated, females may wait a few months before laying eggs. Once laid, eggs number 20-40. Two to three broods occur each year. Female carries eggs underneath abdomen for 3.0-3.5 months. After hatching, young (prenymphs) crawl onto mother's back (abdomen) and stay there for 6-8 days; then they molt and leave. Young will molt 5-8 times in first year before reaching maturity. Thereafter, molting occurs 1-2 times each year, and growth continues throughout life, which often lasts many years.

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