Feeding Ecology And Diet

It is a filter-feeding worm, dining on suspended organic material. Sea water is pumped through the tube by winglike notopo-dia, which secrete mucus that is drawn back, forming a bag.

Resources

Books

Blake, James A., B. Hilbig, and P. H. Scott. The Annelida Part 2—Polychaeta: Phyllodocida (Syllidae and Scale-bearing families), Amphinomida and Eunicida. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and the Western Santa Barbara Channel series, Vol. 5. Santa Barbara, CA: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 1995.

-. The Annelida Part 4—Polychaeta: Flabelligerida to

Sternaspidae. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and the Western Santa Barbara Channel series, Vol. 7. Santa Barbara, CA: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 2000.

Brusca, N. C., and G. J. Brusca. Invertebrates. 2nd edition. Sunderland: MA: Sinauer Associates Inc. Publishers, 2003.

Giese, Arthur. C., and John S. Pearse. Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates. London: Academic Press, Inc. LTD, 1975.

Glasby, Christopher J., et al. "Class Polychaeta." In Polychaetes and Allies. The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Polychaeta, Myzoztomida, Pogonophora, Echiura, Sipuncula, Vol. 4. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 2000.

Rouse, Greg, and Fredrik W. Pleijel. Polychaetes. New York: Oxford University Press Inc., 2001.

Periodicals

Arndt, C., and D. Schiedek. "Nephtus hombergii, A Free-living Predator in Marine Sediments: Energy Production under Environmental Stress." Marine Biology 129 (1998): 643-540.

Bat, L., and D. Raffaelli. "Sediment Toxicity Testing: A

Bioassay Approach Using the Amphipod Corophium volutator and the Polychaete Arenicola marina." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 226 (1998): 217-239.

Bridges, T. S. "Effects of Organic Additions to Sediment, and Maternal Age and Size, on Patterns of Offspring Investment and Performance in Two Opportunistic Deposit-feeding Polychaetes." Marine Biology 125 (1996): 345-357.

Dill, L. M., and A. H. G. Fraser. "The Worm Returns: Hiding Behavior of a Tube-dwelling Marine Polychaete, Serpula vermicularis." Behavioral Ecology 8, no. 2 (1997): 186-193.

Fauchald, J., and P. A. Jumars. "The Diet of Worms: A Study of Polychaete Feeding Guilds." Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 17 (1979): 193-284.

Giangrande, Adriana "Polychaete Reproductive Patterns, Life Cycles and Life Histories: An Overview." Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 35 (1997): 323-389.

Gamenick, I., and O. Giere. "Ecophysiological Studies on the Capitella capitata Complex: Respiration and Sulfide Exposure." Bulletin of Marine Science 60 (1997): 613.

Grassle, J. F., and J. P. Grassle. "Sibling Species in the Marine Pollution Indicator (Capitella capitata) (Polychaete)." Science 192 (1976): 567-569.

Hardege, J. D., M. G. Bentley, and L. Snape. "Sediment

Selection by Juvenile Arenicola marina (Polychaete)." Marine Ecology Progress Series 166 (1998): 187-195.

Mendez, N., J. Romero, and J. Flos. "Population Dynamics and Production of the Polychaete Capitella capitata in the Littoral Zone of Barcelona (Spain, NW Mediterranean)." Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 218 (1997): 263-284.

Pearson, T. H., and R. Rosenberg. "Macrobenthic Succession in Relation to Organic Enrichment and Pollution of the Marine Environment." Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 16 (1978): 229-311.

Riisgard, H. U., and G. T. Banta. "Irrigation and Deposit Feeding by the Lugworm Arenicola marina, Characteristics and Secondary Effects on the Environment. A Review of Current Knowledge." Vie Milieu 48 (1998): 243-257.

"Pharmacological Evidence for the Presence of a Beta-adrenoceptor-like Agonist in the Amphinomid Polychaete Eurythoe complanata." Comparative Bichemistry and Physiology 104C, no. 2 (1993): 327-332.

Tsutsumi, H., and T. Kikuchi. "Study of the Life History of Capitella capitata Polychaeta: (Capitellidae) in Amakusa, South Japan, Including a Comparison with Other Geographical Regions." Marine Biology 80 (1984): 315-321.

Wilson, D. P. "Additional Observations on Larval Growth and Settlement of Sabellaria alveolata." Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 50, no. 1 (1970): 1-32.

Zebe, E., and D. Schiedek. "The Lugworm Arenicola marina: A Model of Physiological Adaptation to Life in Intertidal Sediments." Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen 50 (1996): 37-68.

Erica Veronica Pardo, PhD

The mucous bag filters the water to retain finer particles. Periodically, it is transported back to the mouth by the dorsal ciliated groove and ingested.

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