In the year 2002 there were 176 species of decapods listed by the IUCN. Of these, 159 were freshwater crayfish; all but two of the remaining species were shrimps or brachyuran crabs that also live in freshwater. Freshwater species often have very limited distributions, making them especially susceptible to habitat destruction or degradation. Only one marine species was listed, but virtually nothing is known about the populations of most marine decapods, especially those that are not commercially exploited. Three species of crayfish and three species of shrimp were listed as threatened in the United States.
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