In this chapter, we have presented evidence related to the validity of implicit measures of personality. Existing results lead us to believe that implicit measures can reveal new facts about the individual not available on the basis of self-reported traits. Of considerable importance, implicit processes are modifiable. This renders it likely that implicit measures of personality will set the stage for successful cognitive interventions to reduce psychological distress. Self-reported traits, although capturing important continuities in the individual, are relatively insensitive to the moment-to-moment variations in information processing that determine concurrent behavior and experience. A focus on implicit measures can fill this gap.
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