The setting refers to the location in the environment where the measurement occurs. The setting can involve various situations in the client's natural environment such as a classroom, a playground, a family room at home, or work. The setting can also involve an analogue situation where the client is exposed to hypothesized causal variables that are expected to bring about the occurrence of the clinical problem (e.g., noncompliance in a young child in response to parental commands in a clinic playroom task). Given that the occurrence of the behavior problem may be conditional on properties of situations, the measurement process should include multiple situations to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the problem.
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