Parshall, Spray, Kalohn, and Davey (2002) described five dimensions that characterize innovative computer item types. In the following paragraphs, each dimension of innovation is briefly described.
Item format refers to the different types of response to a question, for example, multiple-choice items (i.e., selected response) and essays (i.e., constructed response). An innovative item format might require a constructed response such as creating the design for a bridge from its engineering specifications on an architectural examination.
Response action deals with how the respondent answers the question. Most test-takers are familiar with using a pencil to fill an answer bubble on an optical scan sheet. Clicking a mouse on a button to endorse an answer would constitute the computer
Was this article helpful?