Robinson, Solberg, et al. (2003) suggested that criterion-related correlations for implicit tests are often surprisingly high given reliability concerns; by contrast, those for explicit tests are often fairly disappointing given their internal consistency. This conclusion was based on prior knowledge concerning the validity of implicit and self-report tests (Bornstein, 1999), as well as findings from the investigation at hand (Robinson, Solberg, et al., 2003). Bornstein (1999), for example, has concluded that projective measures of dependency motivation predict behavioral outcomes somewhat (although nonsignificantly) better than self-report measures of dependency do. Similarly, Spangler (1992) has concluded that projective measures of achievement motivation predict behavioral outcomes somewhat (although nonsignificantly) better that self-report measures of achievement motivation do. Nevertheless, considering that there are legitimate concerns about the reliability and convergent validity of implicit tests, we must regard the evi dence for the criterion validity of implicit tests as quite impressive. Implicit tests, these results suggest, are very real predictors of construct-relevant outcomes (Robinson, 2004).
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