Herbicide Tolerance

From the very beginning of agriculture farmers have had to fight weeds in order to prevent them from overgrowing cultivated crops. In the nineteenth century, chemical substances (herbicides) were discovered that would inhibit or arrest the growth of weeds. Herbicide use became current practice in the last few decades but, while improving crop yields worldwide, some chemicals caused serious environmental problems. Continuous use of herbicides also caused that some weeds adopted...

Therapeutic and Diagnostic Antibodies

An alternative to immunisation, and thus to relying on antibody production in the patients, is the direct administration of appropriate antibodies to treat a disease (passive immunisation). Such antibodies can also be used for diagnostic testing. The ability of plants to produce functional monoclonal antibodies, so-called plantibodies opens the way for the establishment of an efficient and inexpensive method of immune protection against a number of diseases. Only a limited number of antibodies...