Body Cavities

All of the internal organs (viscera) are located within body cavities (Figure 1.5). The two major cavities are the dorsal cavity and the ventral cavity. The dorsal cavity is divided into the cranial cavity containing the brain and the spinal cavity containing the spinal cord.

The ventral cavity is divided into the thoracic cavity, superior to the diaphragm, and the abdominopelvic cavity, inferior to the diaphragm. The thoracic cavity is further divided into the pleural cavities, which contain the lungs, and the mediastinum. The mediastinum is a mass of tissue between the lungs containing many organs including the heart, thymus gland, trachea, esophagus, and many blood vessels. The abdominopelvic cavity consists of two parts, the pelvic cavity and the abdominal cavity. The plane of division between these two is imaginary.

Lower Left Abdominal MassLower Left Abdominal Mass

Figure 1.4 Abdominal Divisions A: Left lower Right lower Left upper Right upper

B: Epigastric Hypogastric Left hypochondriac Left iliac Left lumbar Right hypochondriac Right iliac Right lumbar Umbilical

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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