Yellowspotted night lizard

Lepidophyma flavimaculatum

TAXONOMY

Lepidophyma flavimaculatum Duméril, 1851. OTHER COMMON NAMES

Spanish: Escorpión nocturno puntos amarillos, lepidofima.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The yellow-spotted night lizard is medium-sized (maximum snout-vent length, 5 in [13 cm]) with round pupils lacking eyelids. The sides of the body are covered with large, tubercular scales. Ten longitudinal rows of scales cover the ventral surface. The lizard is dark brown to black with yellow spots.

DISTRIBUTION

Southern Mexico to Panama.

HABITAT

The yellow-spotted night lizard inhabits wet tropical forests (rainforests, cloud forests) in decaying logs, tree stumps, leaf litter, rock crevices, caves, and ruins.

BEHAVIOR

The yellow-spotted night lizard seldom is found outside cover.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

The yellow-spotted night lizard eats insects, spiders, scorpions, and other arthropods found in decaying logs.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

The yellow-spotted night lizard bears five to eight live young. All-female populations occur in Costa Rica and Panama.

CONSERVATION STATUS

The yellow-spotted night lizard is not officially listed as threatened but is severely affected by the clearing of forests.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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