Wormlizards

(Amphisbaenidae)

Thumbnail description

Elongate, slender, limbless, fossorial reptiles with scales arranged in annular rings; eyes greatly reduced or absent; no external ear openings; head either rounded, spatulate, or laterally compressed; and short tails

Size

Amphisbaenids exhibit a huge size range, from tiny worm-like species of 4 in (100 mm) maximum length to some of the largest known amphisbaenians of more than 32 in (800 mm) maximum length in some species; most species fall within the range of 10-16 in (250-400 mm)

Number of genera, species

18 genera; 160 species

Habitat

Amphisbaenids are found in a variety of habitats ranging from lowland rainforests to deciduous forests to arid deserts

Conservation status

No species listed by the IUCN

Distribution

Amphisbaenids occur in Africa, South and Central America, Europe, and the West Indies

Distribution

Amphisbaenids occur in Africa, South and Central America, Europe, and the West Indies

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