Turtleheaded seasnake

Emydocephalus annulatus

SUBFAMILY

Hydrophiinae

TAXONOMY

Emydocephalus annulatus Krefft, 1869, Loyalty Islands.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

This species has an average length of approximately 30 in (75 cm). It is highly variable in color and pattern, ranging from a strong pattern with light and dark bands to almost uniform black or gray.

DISTRIBUTION

Warm tropical waters of Australia. HABITAT

This species is found in shallow coral reefs.

BEHAVIOR

The turtle-headed seasnake lives in very high densities on some reefs.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

This seasnake specializes on egg masses of fishes, particularly the eggs of small gobies and blennies.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

This species is live-bearing, but little else is known about its reproduction.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

This species is venomous but of little threat to humans. ♦

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