Significance to humans

In general, few species in the Boidae are persecuted actively by humans. Most are too small to be of value in the skin trade. In the recent past, many boa species certainly were considered an important natural resource by indigenous peoples, but today it seems that most boas escape much human attention. Some of the larger boas still may be hunted for meat in remote areas, and body parts are used in folk medicine in some areas. There is commerce in the skins of anacondas and boa constrictors, but it does not approach the magnitude of the trade in python skins. With the exception of C. cropanii and Eryx somalicus, all of the boid species are kept in captivity. Boa constrictors, rosy boas, and East African sandboas are among the most commonly kept snake species; thousands are bred and born in captivity every year. As of 2002 all but three or four boid species have been reproduced in captivity.

1. Emerald tree boa (Corallus caninus); 2. Viper boa (Candoia aspera); 3. Green anaconda (Eunectes murinus); 4. East African sandboa (Eryx col-ubrinus); 5. Rosy boa (Charina trivirgata); 6. Cuban boa (Epicrates angulifer); 7. Calabar boa (Charina reinhardtii); 8. Boa constrictor (Boa constrictor). (Illustration by Marguette Dongvillo)

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