Branch, Bill. Field Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. South Africa: Struik Publishers, 1998.

Glaw, Frank, and Miguel Vences. Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. 2nd edition. Privately printed, 1994.


Frost, Darrel, et al. "A Molecular Perspective on the

Phylogeny of the Girdled Lizards (Cordylidae, Squamata)." American Museum Novitates 3310 (2001): 1-10.


Herpetological Association of Africa. P.O. Box 20142, Durban North, 4016 South Africa. Web site: <>

Bill Branch, PhD

Class Reptilia Order Squamata Suborder Sauria Family Scincidae

Thumbnail description

Tiny to moderately large lizards, both limbed and limbless, usually with smooth scales


0.9-19.3 in (23-490 mm) in snout-vent length

Number of genera, species

126+ genera; about 1,400 species



Conservation status

Extinct: 3 species; Critically Endangered: 2 species; Endangered: 3 species; Vulnerable: 21 species; Lower Risk/Near Threatened: 5 species; Data Deficient: 7 species

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