Resources

Books

Deraniyagala, P. E. P. A Colored Atlas of Some Vertebrates from Ceylon. Vol. 3, Serpentoid Reptilia. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Government Press, 1955.

Frank, N., and E. Ramus. A Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians of the World. Pottsville, PA: NG Publishing, 1996.

McDiarmid, R. W., J. A. Campbell, and T. A. Toure. Snake Species of the World, Vol. 1. Washington, DC: The Herpetologists' League, 1999.

Pough, F. H., R. M. Andrews, J. E. Cadle, M. L. Crump, A. H. Savitzky, and K. D. Wells. Herpetology, 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001.

Rajendran, M. V. Studies in Uropeltid Snakes. Madurai, India: Madurai Kamaraj University Publications, 1985.

Smith, M. A. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. 3, Serpentes. London: Taylor and Francis, 1943.

Periodicals

Cadle, J. E., H. C. Dessauer, C. Gans, and D. F. Gartside. "Phylogenetic Relationships and Molecular Evolution in Uropeltid Snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae): Allozymes and Albumin Immunology." Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 40 (1990): 293-320.

Cundall, D., V. Wallach, and D. A. Rossman. "The Systematic Relationships of the Snake Genus Anomochilus." Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 109 (1993): 275-299.

Gans, Carl. "Aspects of the Biology of Uropeltid Snakes." Linnean Society Symposia 3 (1976): 191-204.

Gans, C., H. C. Dessauer, and D. Baic. "Axial Differences in the Musculature of Uropeltid Snakes: The Freight-Train Approach to Burrowing." Science 199 (1978): 189-192.

David Cundall, PhD

Pipe snakes

(Cylindrophiidae)

Class Reptilia Order Squamata Suborder Serpentes Family Cylindrophiidae

Small to moderate-sized, southeast Asian cylindrical-bodied snakes with ventral scales barely wider than the first dorsal scale row, short tails, and heads not demarcated from the trunk

1-3 ft (0.4-1 m) total length

Number of genera, species

1 genus; 9 species

VA I ** /

Lowland forests, rice fields, but also urban areas; live predominately in leaf litter or loose soil and may be more common near water

Conservation status

Not classified by the IUCN

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Distribution

Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Borneo, Myanmar, southern China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam

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