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Ross, C. A., ed. Crocodiles and Alligators. New York: Facts on File Inc., 1989.


Negi, B., ed. "Indian Crocodilians." Envis 2, no 1 (June 1999).

Whitaker, N., and H. V. Andrews. "Reproductive Biology, Growth, and Incubation Temperature and Its Influence on Sex and Size of the Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)." Gmelin at the Madras Crocodile Bank/Center for Herpetology (2002).

Whitaker, R., and D. Basu. "The Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus): A Review." Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 79, no. 3 (1983).


Crocodile Specialist Group, Florida Museum of Natural History. Box 117800, Gainesville, FL 32611-7800 USA.

Phone: (352) 392-1721. Fax: (352) 392-9367. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <http://www.flmnh.ufl .edu/natsci/herpetology/crocs.htm>

Madras Crocodile Bank/Center for Herpetology. P. O. Box 4, Tamil Nadu, 603 104 South India. E-mail: [email protected]


Crocodiles: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, 1998 (Online). 1998 [cited January 2003]. <http://www.flmnh.ufl .edu/natsci/herpetology/act-plan/plan1998a.htm>

Ross, J. P., ed. Crocodiles. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, 2nd ed. Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK: IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group, 1998.

Florida Museum of Natural History: Herpetology. [cited January 2003]. < herpetology.htm>

Romulus Earl Whitaker III, BSc Nikhil Whitaker

Alligators and caimans


Class Reptilia Order Crocodylia Suborder Eusuchia Family Alligatoridae

Powerful animals with a long and muscular tail, four short limbs straddling a scaly body, and strong jaws lined with obvious teeth

4-20 ft (1.2-6 m) in total length

Number of genera, species

4 genera; 8 species

Calm or slow-moving freshwater areas

w) ; / W

Critically Endangered: 1 species; Lower Risk/Conservation Dependent: 1 species

Central to northern South America, parts of southern and western Central America and Mexico, the southeastern United States, and a small area of eastern China

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