No common name

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Bachia bresslaui

TAXONOMY

Apatelus bresslaui Amaral, 1935, Estado de Sao Paolo, Brazil.

OTHER COMMON NAMES None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

This gymnophthalmids has an elongated body and tail, reduced limbs, and no external ear opening. Colli and others reported information on this rare species in 1998. The largest individual in their sample had a snout-vent length of 4.2 in (10.6 cm). The tail is more than 1.5 times the body length. This species belongs to an ancestral group of Bachia, as evidenced by the presence of head shields that are lost in derived taxa.

DISTRIBUTION

Cerrado ecosystem of central Brazil and northeastern Paraguay, South America.

H Bachia bresslaui

H Gymnophthalmus underwoodi H Neusticurus ecpleopus

HABITAT

The species is known to live in sandy soils. Distributional information is lacking and it is possible the species also uses other substrate types.

BEHAVIOR

Colli and others reported in 1998 that based on the presence of scorpions, ants, beetles, and other prey in the diet, the species probably forages above ground.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

The diet of five individuals that were examined consisted of ants, beetles, beetle larvae, scorpions, and wolf spiders.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

The species is presumed to lay eggs, but the average clutch size is unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not listed by the IUCN. This species may be more common and more widely distributed throughout the Cerrado ecosystem than previously thought. Threats include habitat destruction.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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