Newmans knobscaled lizard

Xenosaurus newmanorum

TAXONOMY

Xenosaurus newmanorum Taylor, 1949, Xilitla region, San Luis Potosi, Mexico. No subspecies are recognized.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

This species is similar to other xenosaurids except for some elements of scalation. The eyes of X. newmanorum are greenish yellow.

DISTRIBUTION

Veracruz and southeastern San Luis Potosi, Mexico.

HABITAT

Cloud forest.

BEHAVIOR

Xenosaurus newmanorum was the first species of xenosaurid found with apparent parental care in the form of females protecting their young. Xenosaurus newmanorum is also one of the more gregarious species of xenosaurid, with male-female pairs often seen in the same crevice.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Xenosaurus newmanorum's diet consists primarily of arthropods, but some individuals occasionally eat mammals and vegetation.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Xenosaurus newmanorum has a mean litter size of 2.6.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Unknown, but populations may be susceptible to habitat alteration. However, X. newmanorum is known to coexist with limited human activity.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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