Gecko madagascariensis Gray, 1831, Madagascar. The nominate form (the first subspecies to be named) and three additional subspecies—Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei, P. m. grandis, and P. m. kochi—are all from Madagascar.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Phelsume de Madagascar; German: Madagassischer Taggecko.
This species grows to 3.9-5.1 in (100-130 mm) in snout-vent length. The body is heavy and the tail thick. The toes have pads that are broadened distally, with a greatly reduced first digit on each foot. The scales are small and granular, and the pupils are circular. Males have precloacal glands. These geckos are bright green with red markings on the snout, head, and back.
The species ranges across northern and eastern Madagascar.
These arboreal geckos are found on trees in disturbed areas and in primary forest; they also are found on houses.
These geckos are diurnal and may congregate in high-density populations. Males maintain territories.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
This is a generalist insectivore, but it also eats fruit or nectar, if available.
Several clutches of one or two hard-shelled eggs are laid every four to six weeks during the summer or early fall (November to May). The incubation period is about two months.
Not threatened. CITES regulates international trade. SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
This species is common in the herpetocultural trade. It breeds very well in captivity and can occur around human dwellings. ♦
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