Gymnophthalmids are inhabitants of the forest floor or wet areas associated with tropical forests. They are denizens of leaf litter and detritus and can be found under logs, rocks, or other debris. In an analysis of an ecological community of Amazonian lizards, Vitt and Zani reported in 1991 that three species of gymnophthalmids were restricted to leaf litter. One species was found in relatively sunny spots whereas another was more commonly found in shade. A third, Leposoma per-carinatum, was found along edges of swamps with fluctuating water levels.

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