Habitat

Pythons can be found in a variety of habitats, including harsh deserts, wetlands, gum tree forest, open woodlands, savanna, rocky slopes, and rainforests. For about six months of the year, water pythons (Liasis fuscus) are essentially aquatic, living in the vast monsoon-flooded plains of northern Australia. The Lesser Sundas python, Python timoriensis, is a terrestrial species adapted to the rolling grasslands of Flores and nearby smaller islands. The green python, Morelia viridis, has obvious adaptations for an arboreal life in forests, including green coloration, a laterally compressed body, and a long tail adapted for grasping.

Desert-adapted python species, such as the woma, Aspidites ramsayi, of central Australia and the Angolan python, Python anchietae, found in the rocky escarpment along the eastern margin of the Namib desert in Angola and Namibia, survive in areas that receive little or no precipitation in some years. Contrast that to the ringed python living on New Ireland with more than 400 in (more than 10 m) of annual precipitation.

Most python species occurring in New Guinea can be found at elevations from sea level to at least 5,000 ft (1,500 m). The African rock python, P. sebae, has been recorded at elevations up to 7,500 ft (2,300 m). The black python, M. boe-leni, endemic to the New Guinea highland, holds the elevation record for pythons; it is encountered most commonly at elevations of 5,500-8,000 ft (1,700-2,400 m), living on eroded karst slopes overgrown with low heather and scrub brush.

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