Woodsnakes can be found in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands, forest, cloud forest, dry scrub forest, rocky slopes, rainforests, palm groves, agricultural areas, caves, and cliffs. Woodsnakes in general are mesophilic in their habitat preferences, avoiding extremes and existing in environments that are neither too wet nor too dry.
Most tropidophiid species are found at lower elevations from sea level to 2,000 ft (less than 600 m). Two species are found at high elevation: Exiliboaplacata is found at elevations of 7,500 ft (2,300 m) and Tropidophis taczanowskyi occurs in the northern Andes at elevations of 6,500-10,000 ft (2,000-3,000 m).
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