Feeding ecology and diet

These turtles are all primarily carnivorous, feeding mainly on mollusks (snails and clams), crustaceans, insects, annelids, and even fish (usually as fresh carrion). Some are highly specialized mollusk feeders and eat little else. However, some iMW

Eastern mud turtle hatchlings (Kinosternon sp.). (Photo by Animals Animals ┬ęZig Leszczynski. Reproduced by permission.)

species, especially those with extensive terrestrial habits and those in highly seasonal ponds, include plant material (primarily seeds) in their diets.

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