All species appear to feed primarily on worms; a few species also eat caterpillars and termites. At least one species, Uro-peltis rubromaculata, has been seen to emerge during rain to feed on earthworms. Although some species feed readily in captivity, there are no published details on how they feed, although different species of Uropeltis have been seen catching worms either at one end or in the middle. Worms caught in the middle were folded in half as they were dragged backward into a burrow. Feeding trials in captive specimens of seven or eight species showed that all ate earthworms and one, U. mac-ulatus, also ate termites.
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