The feeding behavior of woodsnakes is not well known. They have been observed actively foraging, and it is likely that
they also incorporate ambush techniques. Anoline lizards comprise a large percentage of the diet of West Indian Tropidophis species. Most woodsnakes will accept eleutherodactylid frogs as prey; in captivity, E. placata readily accepts small eleuthero-dactylid frogs as prey, but refuses similar-sized hylid and ranid frogs. Small salamanders and frog eggs have been found in the stomachs of wild Exiliboa. Both Trachyboa species feed on fishes and amphibians. Large individuals of T. melanurus are known to feed on small mammals and birds. Larger adult specimens of many species of Tropidophis and both species of Ungaliophis are known to accept newborn mice in captivity.
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