Cuban night lizard

Cricosaura typica

TAXONOMY

Cricosaura typica Gundlach and Peters, 1863, Cabo Cruz, Cuba.

OTHER COMMON NAMES None known.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The Cuban night lizard is small (maximum snout-vent length, 1.6 in [3.9 cm]). It has round pupils and lacks eyelids. The lizard is covered with small, flattened dorsal scales and eight longitudinal rows of rectangular ventral scales. It is dark brown with a vague dorsal-lateral stripe.

DISTRIBUTION

Cabo Cruz and Sierra Maestra, Cuba.

HABITAT

The Cuban night lizard lives under rocks in dry, subtropical forest.

BEHAVIOR

In captivity the Cuban night lizard is active in the evening and remains under cover or buried in soil during the day.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

The Cuban night lizard eats insects, primarily ants, and spiders.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

The Cuban night lizard is the only known egg-laying xantusiid. The lizard lays a single egg in a 2.5-5 in (1-2 cm) hole. The egg hatches two months after being laid.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Although not threatened, the Cuban night lizard has a limited distribution and is affected by forest degradation.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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