The IUCN lists five species as Vulnerable and another five as Lower Risk/Near Threatened. Because they live on isolated rocky outcrops, many girdled and flat lizards have very restricted distributions. Due to their bright colors and hardy nature, they are also popular in the international reptile pet trade. As a consequence many populations are threatened, and trade in girdled lizards (Cordylus) is therefore protected under CITES, Appendix II. Eastwood's seps (Tetradactylus east-woodae) is one of the few extinct African reptile species. It lived in montane grassland along the eastern escarpment of South Africa, but this is now all covered by pine plantations.
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