Coachella Valley fringetoed lizard

Uma inornata

SUBFAMILY

Phrynosomatinae

TAXONOMY

Uma inornata Cope, 1895, Colorado Desert, Riverside County, California. No subspecies recognized.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Coachella uma, Coachella sand-lizard; German: Fransenzehenleguan.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizards are light gray with delicate black speckles on the back and dorsal tail. These speckles may appear as black-outlined, white circles with small, black, central dots. The speckles typically run together to form discontinuous, lateral stripes that extend from the head to about the middle of the body. The Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard is also distinguished by a fringed fourth toe. Adults can reach about 13 in (33 cm) in total length, of which one-half to two-thirds may be tail.

DISTRIBUTION

These lizards occur only in the Coachella Valley in southern California's Riverside County.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Primarily insectivorous, these diurnal lizards occasionally eat vegetation.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Female Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizards lay one to four eggs from late spring to early fall.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Listed as Endangered by the IUCN.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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