Chamaeleonidae

Chameleon Care Guide

Chameleon Care Guide

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Class Reptilia Order Squamata Suborder Sauria Family Chamaeleonidae

Thumbnail description

Very small to large, arboreal, semiterrestrial, and terrestrial reptiles with pincer-like feet, prehensile tails, and long projectile tongues

Size

Number of genera, species

6 genera; 180 species and subspecies

Habitat

Forest, savanna, and desert

Conservation status

Vulnerable: 4 species

Distribution

Southern Portugal and Spain, Sicily, Malta, southern Greece (southern Peloponnese) Samos, Chios, Crete, southern Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Sinai Peninsula, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Africa and neighboring islands, Fernando Poo, Canary Islands, Socotra, Pemba, Zanzibar, Mafia, Seychelles, Comoro Islands; Madagascar and adjacent islets, Nosy Be, Nosy Boraha (Île Sainte-Marie-de-Madagascar), Nosy Faly, Nosy Ambariovato, Nosy Mangabe, Nosy Tanikely, Nosy Alanana (Île aux Prunes), and Nosy Sakatia. Introduced to Hawaii, Réunion, and possibly Mauritius and several other islands near Africa, Madagascar, and Greece.

Distribution

Southern Portugal and Spain, Sicily, Malta, southern Greece (southern Peloponnese) Samos, Chios, Crete, southern Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Sinai Peninsula, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Africa and neighboring islands, Fernando Poo, Canary Islands, Socotra, Pemba, Zanzibar, Mafia, Seychelles, Comoro Islands; Madagascar and adjacent islets, Nosy Be, Nosy Boraha (Île Sainte-Marie-de-Madagascar), Nosy Faly, Nosy Ambariovato, Nosy Mangabe, Nosy Tanikely, Nosy Alanana (Île aux Prunes), and Nosy Sakatia. Introduced to Hawaii, Réunion, and possibly Mauritius and several other islands near Africa, Madagascar, and Greece.

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