Chameleons are diurnal, and many species begin the day at dawn by seeking a spot to bask in the sun to increase body temperature and metabolism. Chameleons are ectothermic (cold-blooded) and must regulate their temperature by ex
Saudi Arabia (two), India and Sri Lanka (one), the Comoro Islands (two), Socotra (one), and the Seychelles (one).
One species, Chamaeleo chamaeleon, or the common chameleon, is found in Europe, the Middle East, Greece, northern Africa, southwestern Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. This makes up the widest range of distribution of any chameleon species. Jackson's chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksonii) has the dubious distinction of being the first chameleon species to be introduced and become well established in the New World. A few dozen specimens imported for the pet trade in the 1970s escaped into the wilderness in Hawaii, creating a large feral population that has continued to thrive more than 30 years later.
Was this article helpful?