Nervous system and sensory organs

Snake Vomeronasal Organ

The reptilian nervous system is organized into identifiable regions based on structure and function. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord and contains most of the body's nerve cells or neurons. Collections of neurons that have similar function are called nuclei, and the bundles of axons that extend from the cell bodies and transmit messages are called tracts. The peripheral nervous system consists of sensory and motor nerves that communicate between the brain or...

Significance to humans

Joe Pangrace Medical Illustrator

There are relatively few traditional uses for chameleons by local people within their range of distribution, but these uses generally involve burning or killing chameleons for folk medicine or to ward off evil spirits. Some cultural traditions dictate that chameleons must not be harmed. Chameleons are not used very often as food. The major consumption of wild chameleons is for the international commercial live pet trade that reached its apex in the 1990s, when more than 260,000 chameleons were...