Introduction

The Parkinson's-Reversing Breakthrough

Parkinson Disease Treatment

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Anxiety and depression have become recognized as common nonmotor, psychiatric comorbidities in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), which contribute to additional disability such as significant impairments of cognitive, functional, motor, and social performance. This leads to reductions in quality of life and increased caregiver distress (1-8). Preliminary data suggest that depression may be an independent predictor of mortality in patients with PD (9). However, these affective disorders are under-recognized and under-treated in patients with PD due to symptom overlap with motor and cognitive features of PD (10-12).

In the presence of other comorbid psychiatric conditions (e.g., anxiety), depressive symptoms, quality of life, and functional domains are further worsened. Specifically, the presence of anxiety with depression has been found to increase the severity of depressive symptoms and to delay the response to psychotropic treatment (13). Therefore, effective detection and treatment of anxiety and depression are important aspects of PD management. This chapter will discuss the epidemiology, possible mechanisms, recognition, and management of these affective disorders in idiopathic PD.

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How To Win Your War Against Anxiety Disorders

How To Win Your War Against Anxiety Disorders

Tips And Tricks For Relieving Anxiety... Fast Everyone feels anxious sometimes. Whether work is getting to us or we're simply having hard time managing all that we have to do, we can feel overwhelmed and worried that we might not be able to manage it all. When these feelings hit, we don't have to suffer. By taking some simple steps, you can begin to create a calmer attitude, one that not only helps you feel better, but one that allows you the chance to make better decisions about what you need to do next.

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