Planets

Was, and still is, the treatment of the patient as a whole, not as an isolated disease condition, coupled with prophylaxis, that is, obeying the axiom that prevention is far better than cure. Therefore the medical texts of those times e.g. Shen-nung Pen-ts'ao Ching (ca. 200 A.D.) that listed some 365 plant drugs, Ming-I Pieh-lu (ca. 500), Chia-yu Pen-ts'ao (1057) and Pen-ts'ao Kang-mu (1596) that included nearly 1900 drugs of animal, vegetable and mineral origin, recommended ginseng as an...

Ginseng And Aphrodisiac Activity

The effect of ginseng on sexual activity has intrigued the general public and many research workers. Bao et al. (1984b) observed that there was no disturbance of the ovarian cycle in stressed female mice if ginseng was administered. Bao et al. (1984c) also reported that ginseng extracts given to male mice prevented stress-induced decrease of sexual activity. Similarly Lian and Zhang (1998) also noted that repeated daily hanging stress reduced sexual activity in male mice as assessed by licking,...

Ginseng And The Cardiovascular System

Ginseng has, as an adaptogen, been credited with the ability to normalise both high and low blood pressure conditions. Therefore it would appear to be potentially useful in the treatment of hypertension, a condition of high blood pressure predisposing to strokes and heart attacks and associated with old age. Certainly it had been valued for the treatment of impaired circulation and the sedative effect lowering the blood pressure was well-known. Early workers in the 1920's and 1930's using rats,...

Ginseng And Diabetes

The value of ginseng preparations in the treatment of diabetes mellitus is debatable. Diabetes, diabetes mellitus or sugar diabetes, is a common condition occurring worldwide and amongst all classes of people but more frequently amongst the poor and the aged in modern industrialised communities. In such societies it is rated as the third most common cause of death after cancers and cardiovascular conditions. The disease is characterised by impaired carbohydrate metabolism caused by inadequate...

Ginseng As A Biological Response Modifier

Understanding the actions of ginseng has, until now, always been complicated by the mixed nature of the chemical compositions of the ginseng products used. Therefore it has not yet been possible to clearly define the biological response modifier. Ginseng preparations have been shewn to improve liver function as well as immune function and it is therefore probable that the protective action is related to an immunomodulatory effect. Pretreatment with ginseng extracts was found to prolong the...

The Mechanism Of Stress Reaction

As one of the main uses of ginseng is as an antistress agent, it is necessary to consider the mechanism of stress reaction. In the living body such reaction is controlled by 1) the hypothalamus, which is embedded in the lower or visceral part of the brain and has an important automatic regulatory role concerning the internal environment of the body e.g. water balance, food intake, mammalian body temperature, hormone release via the pituitary gland, as well as responding to signals from the...

Ginseng And Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis involves the irregular deposition of lipids such as cholesterol and triglycerides in yellowish plaques of atheroma in the subintimal layers of the inner walls of arteries and arterioles. Calcification may also occur with consequent hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis most commonly affects coronary arteries, cerebral arteries and peripheral arteries of the lower limbs. As a progressive condition it is particularly associatedm with old age. Atheromatous plaques and related...

Ginseng And Morphine And Related Opioids

The relationship between morphine and associated opioids and ginseng has proved both remarkable and unexpected. Opioids are widely used as legitimate, effective analgesics, especially in terminal afflictions such as cancers although continued use of morphine-type drugs is rapidly accompanied by the development of tolerance, the craving for ever-increasing doses, and by psychic and physical dependence. Seeking effective antagonists of the narcotic and addictive effects of opium and morphine,...