Personality Traits

A variety of methods and instruments have been applied to the measurement of personality development and change. Systematic and unsystematic observations, structured and unstructured interviews, checklists, rating scales, questionnaires, personality inventories, and projective techniques represent the major approaches to personality assessment in research and applied contexts. The designs of certain instruments or procedures have been guided by concepts and propositions from a particular theory of personality, whereas other instruments are based primarily on the results of empirical, statistical analyses of responses to a variety of words, statements, or other stimuli.

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