General Features Of Synaptic Potentials Mediated By Glutamate Receptors

Glutamate released from presynaptic terminals activates both presynaptic and postsynaptic metabotropic receptors to modulate synaptic transmission. Glutamate also activates all ionotropic receptors and mediates the vast majority of "fast" synaptic transmission in the CNS, whereas aspartate is an agonist at NMDA but not AMPA receptors.

Fig. 5. Dual-component excitatory postsynaptic potential. Shown are simulated EPSPs based on recordings from hippocampal interneurons in the presence of bicuculline to block postsynaptic GABAergic inhibitory postsy-naptes potential (IPSPs). The AMPA and NMDA receptor components and their algebraic sum are indicated.

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